Prominent studies by NTU Institute of Oceanography research team published in prestigious journal “Nature Communications”

Truncated age structure and warming temperature drive marine fishes into uneven spatial distribution, weakening their sustainability Jheng-Yu Wang, Ting-Chun Kuo, and Chih-hao Hsieh Prof. Chih-hao Hsieh and his master student Jheng-Yu Wang from NTU Institute of Oceanography together with Prof. Ting-Chun Kuo from NTOU found that fishing-induced age truncation and warming temperature drove marine fishes into uneven spatial distribution, weakening their sustainability. This study, published in Nature Communications (May 26), provides empirical evidence for long-lasting hypotheses explaining complex mechanisms underlying spatial distribution of marine fishes. These findings bear important implications…

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Prominent studies by NTU Department of Geosciences research team published in prestigious journal “Nature” 2020.3.19

A millennial coral record of Indian Ocean climate oscillation  This summer of 2019/20 in Australia, a positive Indian Ocean Dipole (IOD) event set up extremely hot and dry conditions for the historically worst fires that ravaged Australia. An unprecedented 20% of the forest has been burned, resulting in ecological havoc, environmental pollution, and enormous property damage. Climate simulations also pointed out that this extreme climate will severely change the climate and environment of the countries around the Indian Ocean under the current global warming trend. But will this implication be…

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NTU Institute of Oceanography conducts pioneering Seaglider observations, revealing striking interleaving layers in the Kuroshio Current east of Taiwan

Institute of Oceanography conducted the first Seaglider observations revealed striking interleaving layers in the Kuroshio east of Taiwan Source:MOST In 2015, with a vision of future observational technologies, the MOST sponsored the Marine Exploration Instrument Center at National Taiwan University (NTU) to purchase a Kongsberg Seaglider under the MOST granted integrated project “Observations of the Kuroshio Transport and Variability (OKTV).” The glider was aimed to collect data of hydrography, dissolved oxygen, fluorescence (can be converted to chlorophyll concentration) and back scatter of light in the water. Tasked with testing and…

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Congratulations to Associate Professor Hwan-Ching Tai, Department of Chemistry, and Associate Professor Chung-Jun Tsai, Department of Mathematics, recipients of the 2019 MOST Ta-You Wu Memorial Award

https://www.most.gov.tw/most/attachments/26cf6c86-008a-41fe-8d77-3cce4c702f30

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Prominent studies by NTU Department of Geosciences research team published in prestigious journal “PNAS” 2019.8.12

A 2700-yr tropical rainfall record of the central Indo-Pacific The low-latitude tropics inhabited by 40% of the global population experiences the most important rainfall zone on the planet, known as the Intertropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ), which accounts for one-third of the world’s total rainfall. Taiwan is located on the northern edge of this realm. This zone is also featured by the most important biosphere and the most complicated biodiversity. Vigorous regional atmospheric circulation transports heat and moisture to the middle and high latitudes. The slight hydrological change or small displacement…

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Prominent studies by NTU Institute of Oceanography research team published in “The ISME Journal” (2019, Jan)

Species diversity of marine bacterioplankton communities is predictable due to macro-evolutionary constraints   Hsiao-Pei Lu & Chih-hao Hsieh Institute of Oceanography, National Taiwan University A study in the East China Sea, led by Dr. Hsiao-Pei Lu and Prof. Chih-hao Hsieh, shows for the first time that diversity of marine bacteria community is strongly affected by macro-evolutionary constraints. This study is published (January, 2019) in The ISME Journal. http://www.oc.ntu.edu.tw/oceng/?p=15044

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Prominent studies by NTU Department of Chemistry research team published in prestigious journal “PNAS” 2018.10.4

Scientists unraveling the molecular details of DNA recombination regulation   An international team from National Taiwan University (NTU) and Tokyo Institute of Technology identified how DNA recombinational repair is regulated in a recent work published in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America (PNAS). To repair damaged DNA, recombinases bind to DNA in order to initiate the repair work. However, the recombinase-DNA complex must be sufficiently stable to carry out the work. Scientists from NTU and Tokyo Tech work together to identify how another…

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Prominent studies by NTU Institute of Oceanography research team published in the prestigious “The ISME Journal” (2018, May)

Predator and prey biodiversity relationship and its consequences on marine ecosystem functioning—Interplay between nanoflagellates and bacterioplankton Jinny Yang and Chih-hao Hsieh Institute of Oceanography, National Taiwan University Understanding the biodiversity effects across trophic levels via predator-prey interactions is an important issue in ecology. However, very few studies on this topic have been conducted for marine microorganisms. In the marine ecosystem, the predator-prey interactions between nanoflagellates and bacteria profoundly influence biogeochemical cycling and trophic transfer efficiency through the microbial loop. The research team therefore explored how microbial biodiversities of mutiple trophic…

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