“Cosmology” by Daniel Baumann wins Chambliss Award

The textbook Cosmology by NTU Professor Daniel Baumann has won the Chambliss Astronomical Writing Award of the American Astronomical Society. The award is given for the best textbook for an academic audience, at either the upper-division undergraduate or graduate level. In Cosmology, Baumann expands on his widely acclaimed lecture notes to create an up-to-date and comprehensive text that has become a standard reference for modern cosmology courses. The book covers the theoretical foundations of cosmology and describes the observations that have turned the subject into a precision science. The Chambliss…

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Daniel Baumann receives Humboldt Research Award

Daniel Baumann, professor of cosmology at NTU, is one of the recipients of the prestigious Humboldt Research Award. The award has been granted in recognition of Baumann’s past accomplishments in research and teaching. The Humboldt Research Award is one of the highest honors awarded by the Alexander von Humboldt Foundation to international scholars outside Germany. Recipients are “academics whose fundamental discoveries, new theories or insights have had a significant impact on their own discipline and who are expected to continue producing cutting-edge academic achievements in the future”. The prize is…

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Mie-tronics under microscopy

Since a millennium ago, it is well known that grinding metals yields various colors, presented as the beautiful colored windows in churches or the famous Lycurgus Cup. However, the underlying physics was not elucidated until Gustav Mie developed the corresponding electromagnetic wave scattering theory in the early 20th century. The Mie theory explains how structuring metals to sizes comparable to light wavelengths, not much smaller nor much larger, creates new optical resonances, enhancing absorption/scattering of specific wavelengths, and producing vivid colors. In the 21st century, the nanoscale Mie resonance phenomenon has been…

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Exciting Discovery Reveals Link Between Deep-Sea Fish and Changing Seawater Temperatures

In a groundbreaking interdisciplinary research effort spanning over three years, a team of talented scientists has unveiled a significant breakthrough. Assistant Research Fellow Dr. Chien-Hsiang Lin from the Biodiversity Research Center at Academia Sinica, along with Assistant Professor Dr. Li Lo from the Department of Geological Sciences at National Taiwan University, and Associate Professor Dr. Chih-Lin Wei and Assistant Professor Dr. Sze Ling Ho from the Institute of Oceanography at National Taiwan University, have made a remarkable discovery. Their findings shed light on the intricate relationship between the structure of…

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Anticipating the occurrence and type of critical transitions

Chun-Wei Chang and Chih-hao Hsieh Prof. Chih-hao Hsieh from the Institute of Oceanography and Prof. Chun-Wei Chang from the Institute of Fishery Sciences, NTU lead an international team and develop a novel method that successfully anticipates the occurrence and type of a variety of critical transition events. This study, published in Science Advances (Jan 2023), overcomes the long-lasting challenge in revealing a quantitative threshold as well as distinguishing types of critical transition by early warning signals using empirical data collected in real-world systems. The proposed method also provides a powerful…

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Split westerly winds over Europe – A breakthrough by an international project led by Department of Geosciences

Europe, even located at the mid-high latitude at 40-70oN, the autumn and winter are mild and comfortable. Such pleasant weather is regulated by the warm and humid westerly winds from the North Atlantic Ocean. During the 15th to 19th century, Europe experienced the coldest winters over the last ten thousand years, known as the “Little Ice Age” (LIA). The LIA was suggested to be caused by volcanic eruptions and low solar activity. However, the detailed climate pattern in Europe remains unclear.Dr. Hsun-Ming Hu, the first author, and Prof. Chuan-Chou Shen,…

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Prof. Chih-hao Hsieh and his collaborators publish “ Causal networks of phytoplankton diversity and biomass are modulated by environmental context” paper in “Nature Communications”

Causal networks of phytoplankton diversity and biomass are modulated by environmental context Chun-Wei Chang and Chih-hao Hsieh Postdoctoral fellow, Dr. Chun-Wei Chang, from the National Center for Theoretical Sciences and Prof. Chih-hao Hsieh from the Institute of Oceanography, NTU lead an international research team and analyze aquatic ecosystems (ranging from lake, river to estuary and ocean) around the world to unveil key causal interactions and feedbacks between biodiversity, ecosystem functions, and various environmental factors. This study, published in Nature Communications (March 3, 2022), overcomes the long-lasting challenge in quantifying complex…

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Exploring global pollution and cycling of mercury using ocean migratory fish

Profs. Chun-Mao Tseng and Jen-Chieh Shiao from the Institute of Oceanography, NTU, and the US cooperative colleagues worked together as the mercury research team (referred to Team Mercury (Hg) hereinafter). The research provides them to initiate a new tool of the mercury accumulation rate (MAR) using top predators to examine global patterns in the cycling and pollution of Hg across the world's oceans. It also confirms the unchanging truth of "You are what you eat, and You have what you are" since time began. The results of this study, published…

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